ABOUT $340,000 is annually appropriated for the police force of Washington. The force is known as the Metropolitan Police, and consists of a superintendent with the title of major, who receives a salary of $2,600 ; a captain at $1,800, two lieutenant-inspectors at $1,500 each, ten lieutenants at $1,320 each, twenty sergeants at $1,140 each, and two hundred and fifty-five privates at salaries from $900 to $1,080. There are also seventeen station-house keepers who are paid S720 each, and numerous clerks, messengers, and laborers. There is a mounted force of twenty-seven men. The police duties extend throughout the District of Columbia.
The fire department is sustained at a yearly expenditure of $100,000. There are eight engines, and other fire apparatus. The chief engineer has a salary of $1,800, and the assistant engineer, $1,400. There is a force of eighty-four men, who receive from $720 to $I,000 each. Connected with the department is an efficient telegraph and telephone service in charge of ex-pert electricians, the superintendent receiving a salary of $1,600.
The white military organizations are the Washington Light Infantry, of four companies, the Infantry Cadets, the National Rifles, the Rifles Cadets, the Washington Light Guard, and the Union Veteran Corps. There are three companies of colored infantry, and the Capital City Guard, consisting of two companies of colored men.
Connecting Washington with the outer world are the Baltimore and Potomac, and Baltimore and Ohio railroads, extending from New York via the Pennsylvania Railroad, with branches south and west. In the depot of the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad, President Gar-field was shot by Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881. On the wall, directly above the spot where Garfield fell, the railroad company has placed a marble tablet as a memorial to the martyred President. There are various steamboat lines on the Potomac River to southern ports. The city has five distinct street railroad companies, whose lines traverse all the principal sections.
The water supply of Washington is obtained from above the Great Falls of the Potomac, and the aqueduct which conveys it to the city has been declared ” a triumph of civil engineering.” The aqueduct is nearly twelve miles in length, and on its course passes over six bridges and through twelve huge tunnels. The water is received in a reservoir a short distance west of Georgetown, whence it is conveyed in great mains to Washington, crossing Rock Creek by an aqueduct bridge. The water-works were constructed at a cost of about ten million dollars.